History of Auckland
Maori people are first thought to have settled in the Auckland region approximately 650 years ago. Auckland would seem to have been
a highly sought after area due to its rich and fertile land. The name given by the early Maori for the area, 'Tamaki', meaning 'battle',
would seem to confirm this.
The volcanic cones that are dotted all over Auckland became natural sites for pas, or fortified Maori settlements. Several of the
best known lookout areas in Auckland, such as Mount Eden and One Tree Hill, bear the traces of these pas.
Fierce inter-tribal conflict in the 1820s led to there being little organized Maori resistance to European settlement, and by 1840
the British had either beaten or bought out (generally for a few trinkets) the Ngati Whatua tribe.
The onset of systematic European settlement can be traced to 1840. New Zealand's first governor, Captain William Hobson, chose
Auckland as the capital. Hobson decided upon the name Auckland, in honour of his patron and former commander, Lord Auckland (at that
time, the viceroy of India). Many of the other place names in Auckland bear the influence of Hobson's patron. Lord Auckland's family
name was Eden, and a great many parts of the city bear this name.